I will start by saying:

Breakfast is a meal eaten in the morning following a 12- to 16-hour fast. Breakfast reduces the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) and other health problems.

Can biting into a muffin or nibbling on a packet of chips be considered breakfast?

Breakfast should generally be strong in protein and fibre while being low in fat and carbs.

Instead of sausages, refined bread, waffles, fries, junk food, and pancakes, a balanced breakfast should have eggs, sprouts, fruits, whole wheat cereals or bread. There are a number of negative implications of skipping breakfast.


A research involving 317 medical students was done by the University of Ghana Medical School in Korle Bu-Accra. Skipping breakfast was shown to be substantially associated with weariness and poor concentration during clinical sessions.


Caroline R. Mahoney and colleagues studied the impact of two typical breakfast dishes in the United States vs no breakfast on children’s learning and memory.

Breakfast eating and the type of breakfast had an effect on cognitive function, including spatial memory, short-term memory, visual attention, auditory attention, and verbal memory, according to the findings.

Instant oatmeal and ready-to-eat cereals were the breakfasts that were compared. Students who ate breakfast had greater recall and performed better across the board, while those who ate oatmeal had even more advantages.

Another study by Gajre NS found that eating breakfast on a regular basis improved attention-concentration, memory, and academic success.

Cognitive Performance:

Wesnes KA and colleagues discovered that breakfast eating groups increased attention, episodic memory, and mood, alertness, and happiness in 29 children.

Cereals were served to the morning groups, whereas glucose drinks were served to the other two groups. Another research published in the Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences in Ethiopia looked at the relationship between morning eating patterns and cognitive function.

Another research published in the Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences in Ethiopia looked at the relationship between morning eating patterns and cognitive function. Regular breakfast consumption was associated with greater pattern reasoning, sequential, and simultaneous scale scores. Several studies have found that having breakfast on a regular basis improves cognitive performance and problem-solving skills.

Activity in the Brain:

Jonathan Fulford and colleagues conducted research on the effect of breakfast vs no breakfast on brain activity in teenagers. It was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while doing cognitive activities. Twenty youngsters aged 12 to 14 years old took part. The frontal, premotor, and primary visual cortical regions were more activated during the breakfast experiment than during the fasting condition. Increased brain activity is one of the advantages of eating breakfast.


A Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) study concluded that eating breakfast is beneficial to one’s health. Over the course of 16 years, 27,000 men took part in the study.

The study found that individuals who skipped breakfast on a daily basis had a 27% greater chance of having a heart attack or dying from coronary heart disease than those who ate the morning meal.

According to Leah Cahill, missing breakfast is associated with coronary heart disease because extended fasting causes an increase in diastolic and systolic blood pressure, elevated insulin, free fatty acid, triglyceride, and LDL levels.

HDL levels in the blood are lower. By skipping breakfast, one is more likely to binge on high-fat or high-sugar foods, further disrupting the lipid profile.

Glucose Administration:

A research involving 18 persons with type 2 diabetes was done to examine the impact of two alternative diets that provided the same amount of calories on glucose levels at different times of the day.

According to widespread observation, eating a meal in the evening elevates blood glucose levels and maintains them high for a longer period of time than eating the same meal in the morning.

In the study, the high-energy breakfast group had lower glucose and greater insulin after lunch than the high-energy supper group, and their glucose levels climbed less and stayed high for a shorter time period after the meals. As a result, a king-sized breakfast can aid in lowering A1C readings (glycated haemoglobin) and glucose regulation throughout the day. Meals served after sunset or dinners should be small.

Breakfast should be like a king, lunch should be like a prince, and dinner should be like a pauper. Adelle, Davis.

Risk of Type 2 Diabetes:

Those who eat breakfast on a regular basis, particularly high-fiber meals, are less likely to develop diabetes and heart disease. Skipping breakfast increases the risk of developing metabolic syndrome, as well as insulin resistance and high blood glucose levels. Children who ate high-fiber cereals for breakfast had lower insulin resistance than those who ate other types of breakfast foods or did not eat breakfast at all, according to one research.

Academic Success:

According to Katie Adolphus and colleagues’ experiment, regular breakfast in terms of frequency and quality had a favourable influence on children’s academic performance, including school grades and achievement test scores. Breakfast significantly adds to daily micronutrient and vitamin D consumption. Children who skipped breakfast showed decreased cardiorespiratory fitness levels. Those who did not have breakfast performed worse in school.

Loss of Hair:

Breakfast delivers essential vitamins while also reducing bodily tension. Skipping breakfast causes hair follicles to enter a telogen (resting) state, increasing the likelihood of hair loss.

After fasting, a protein-rich breakfast provides nutrients to the hair and aids in healthy hair development.


Breakfast deficiency might result in hypoglycemic headaches and migraines. It can help lower blood pressure and sugar levels. According to the research, fasting causes migraines. In Curr Pain Headache Rep. in 2013, Dalkara T and colleagues proved that fasting can produce migraine headaches and that missing breakfast prolongs the 12 hour night fast. Hypoglycemia is characterised by low blood sugar levels.

Inadequate glycogen-derived glucose delivery to the brain can result in an imbalance between excitatory and inhibitory terminals of the cerebral cortex, resulting in collective depolarization of neurons and astrocytes in a network.

5 Ways to Stop Skipping Breakfast:

  • Keep the items ready the night before so you can prepare a nutritious, fiber- and protein-rich breakfast. Sprouts, whole wheat bread, eggs, idlis, semolina, beaten rice, chopped veggies, and other items can be kept the night before.
  • Refuse to purchase and keep take-out chips, muffins, fries, or junk food.
  • Bring a companion or partner with you when you go grocery shopping and when you prepare a nutritious breakfast.
  • Ready-to-use healthy breakfast mixes can be used, if there is a time crunch.
  • Caffeine and sweet foods will not satisfy your morning appetite. Choose fruits, salads, sprouts, and nuts.

The Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) project was designed to investigate the relationship between an unhealthy lifestyle and noncommunicable illnesses (cardiac diseases and cancer). In this study, missing breakfast was considered a bad lifestyle behaviour and was linked to an elevated risk of dying from cardiovascular disorders. Unhealthy living behaviours raise the chance of infertility, cancer, poor vision, malnutrition, obesity, and other health problems.

Breakfast is key to happiness.